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Available for Download in 22 Languages.A tailstockalso known as a foot stock is a device often used as part of an engineering lathewood-turning lathe, or used in conjunction with a rotary table on a milling machine. It is usually used to apply support to the longitudinal rotary axis of a workpiece being machined. A lathe center is mounted in the tailstock, and inserted against the sides of a hole in the center of the workpiece.
A tailstock has a Dead Center, while headstock has Live Center. A Tailstock is particularly useful when the workpiece is relatively long and slender. Failing to use a tailstock can cause "chatter," where the workpiece bends excessively while being cut. It is also used on a lathe to hold drilling or reaming tools for machining a hole in the work piece. Unlike drilling with a drill press or a milling machinethe tool is stationary while the workpiece rotates.
Holes can only be cut along the axis that the workpiece is set to spin. Usually, the entire tailstock is moved to the approximate position that it will be needed by manually sliding it along its ways.
There, it is locked in place and the tool mounted to it is moved with a leadscrew to the exact position where it is needed. When a cutting tool such as a drill bit or reamer is used, the feed is done with this leadscrew. The tailstock quill or extendible portion usually has a Morse taper mount in the end of it to secure the drill or reamer. If the work is heavy the drill may be further secured from turning with a lathe dog as shown in the photo.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Categories : Machine tools Metalworking stubs Tool stubs.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tailstocks. This metalworking article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.So here we will explain what it is, how to use and their parts. The removal of material from metal is called Machining, and the process usually happens in a machine shop that has special equipment.
The headstock is fixed on the machine and it consists of many pulleys, lever, spindle, chuck, and gear box. The spindle is in the head box which rotates a shaft which is connected to the chuck. This chuck holds a work piece, so the work pieces also rotate. Gear box: The gear box is in the head stock which rotates the chuck at different speeds.
Chuck: Chuck is used for mounting of metal pieces which are not round shape while having a triangular or square shape. Tailstock: The tailstock is a moveable part and could be locked. It consists of a barrel that can move forward and backward. Barrel consists of a Dead Centre which is used to support a work piece. Carriage: The carriage is also a movable part which moves on bed ways. It moves on left and right.
It consists of the saddle, cross slide, compound rest, top slide or tool post and the apron. It is used as mounting and for the position of tool post. Saddle: The saddle has H shaped. It is on the carriage which helps cross slide to move back and forth on the machine. Cross slide: Cross slide is on the carriage and moves on the saddle.
It moves back and forth to give depth of cut to the metal specimen by using hand wheel. Compound rest: Compound slide is on the cross slide which can rotate. It gives support to tool post. It is used in taper turning by giving an angle.
Tool post: Tool post is on the compound rest and used to clamp the cutting tool. Apron: The apron is on the front of the saddle which has hand wheel and levers.This current post shows my own preferred method for setting the tailstock and how those modifications help with the alignment and maintenance of the alignment. I also look at the more traditional alignment methods. Although this post is about methods of setting, I also give a description of a simple tool that I use to enable my method.
I have added a link to a video description in the final step, which in addition to covering my method it also demonstrates other common methods.
Did you use this instructable in your classroom? Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson. The lathe tailstock is most commonly used for turning longish parallel or slightly tapered bars between centres and also for drilling and reaming.
When turning, if the axis of the tailstock is not aligned concentrically with the the headstock axis the result will be a tapered bar. This is not good if you want a parallel bar but is useful when you deliberately want a shallow taper which is too long to do with the compound slide.
Most tailstocks have lateral adjustability to cater for taper turning, but this introduces the possibility of misalignment for the job in hand. When drilling or reaming, a misaligned tailstock will generally lead to an oversize and sometimes tapered hole.
It will also lead to an increased tendency to break small drills.
Many tailstocks have a scale as in the photo as an alignment guide but quite frankly most are a waste of material because even if fitted accurately it is impossible to align a tailstock to required standards of accuracy by eye. In the shown example off my own lathe the scale shows an error of approximately 0. There are two methods most commonly used for alignment. This instructable is not about either of those and I will only give a brief outline of each.
Using a pre-made hardened and ground precision alignment bar. These bars are commercially available but can be made DIY if you have suitable facilities. They are made parallel to within small tolerances and are mounted between centres in the lathe. A test indicator will be mounted on the lathe saddle and traversed over the length of the bar.
If you want the tailstock aligned for parallel turning or drilling, then you adjust it laterally to give a constant reading over the full length of the bar. If you want to turn a specific taper then you offset the alignment by an amount appropriate to the desired taper. For this method to be accurate it requires that the centre in the headstock runs true.
To check vertical alignment you simply run the test indicator over the top of the bar rather than the side. The other method requires that you mount a bar between centres and take a small cut over its length. If the tailstock is centrally aligned then the diameters at each end of the bar will be the same within the required tolerance.
After each adjustment it is necessary to take another cut over the length of the bar and recheck the diameters.
Diagram of tailstock - tailstock spindle - Manufacturing Processes - 1
This is both time consuming and very tedious, and also wasteful of your bar stock. Vertical misalignment will result in a slight barrel shape to the bar, which needs several diameter checks along the length of the bar. This step is most often missed out and so vertical errors go undetected. Unlike the first method, the headstock centre need not run dead true.Part Number: JWL Part Number: VB-M Part Number: TS Part Number: This article suggests guidelines for power tool care and maintenance.
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AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. DPReview Digital Photography. East Dane Designer Men's Fashion. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands.Knowing and being able to identify wood lathe parts is important, especially when first getting started. This article will go over the lathe basics, plus will cover much more.
Mini lathes are small lathe versions designed for small projects, such as pen turning. At least not full-sized wood bowls. After the Mini lathes category comes the next size up name, Midi lathes. Most Midi lathes can be placed on a bench and do not come with a freestanding floor base unit. These lathes are typically larger and freestanding and come complete with a strong solid floor base or leg support system. It seems the labels of Mini and Midi have been created by manufacturers to distinguish the very small lathes from the medium-sized lathes.
More on that in a minute. While some Midi lathes like the Jet vs lathe see full review are ideal to make small to medium bowls, the regular-sized lathes are usually utilized in the production of wood bowl turning.
The nice thing is that all wood lathes, regardless of size, are designed about the same. And technically, any lathe can be used to make wood bowls. Although the lathe has access to both sides, very rarely does the opposite side come into play. Ninety-nine percent of the time the turning work is only done from the front of the lathe. In this position, the motor and drive mechanism is to the left side of the lathe.
This area is called the head or headstock of the lathe. I have seen people working from the opposite side of the lathe in some documentation.
If you know more about this, please leave a comment and share below. The head or headstock of a wood lathe is the business end of the lathe where all the power and action starts. Depending on the make and model lathe, there can be tension pulleys that allow the user to manually change between various pulley sizes to increase or decrease speed and torque. Usually there is also a tension release lever that, in many cases, physically lifts the motor, releasing tension from the drive belt and allowing it to easily shift the belt to a different pulley.
Most lathes also include a diagram and r. If a chart or guide is not present, check with your owners manual or manufacturer for details. Some lathes have a single drive belt and it is not necessary to make manual adjustments.
The threaded extrusion from the headstock is called the headstock spindle. The threaded spindle has two important measurements that are good to remember. The first important measurement is the headstock spindle thread size and the thread count. The second measurement that is important on the headstock spindle is the Morse Taper.
The inside of the headstock spindle is hollow to receive various accessories. An important feature of any lathe is the distance from the headstock spindle to the lathe bed. The lathe bed is the two flat horizontal rails, sometimes called ways, that run along the length of the lathe. The space between the headstock center and the top of the lathe bed is the radius of the lathe swing.
The swing distance is important because it dictates how large a turned piece can be on that particular lathe. The swing of a lathe is measured as the total diameter of a finished turned piece, such as a wood bowl. On the left side of the headstock is the headstock hand wheel.
This is a handy pun intended way to rotate the lathe effectively when the lathe is turned off to check if the wood piece will clear the tool rest. Also, the hand wheel can be used to slow down the lathe after it has been turned off to bring it to a stop more quickly. Using the hand wheel to slow the lathe is the preferred method. Never try to slow the lathe by holding the other end of the headstock spindle, chuck, or turning wood. Most lathes have an indexing wheel located somewhere in the headstock.